Jean E. Bogner
Research Professor Emerita
Earth and Environmental Sciences
Building & Room:
845 West Taylor St.
My research has focused on near-surface materials & processes including field-scale measurements & process-based modeling of soil gas and aqueous transport through sediments, soils, and waste. A major area of interest has been landfill gas generation, transport & emission processes, as well as the technology for commercial-scale landfill CH4 utilization. Recent investigations using a new field-validated model (CALMIM) have focused on how seasonal climate influences CH4 emissions inclusive of oxidation from various cover soils at specific sites. Collaborators during 4 decades have included university researchers, Federal & state research groups, international research & regulatory agencies, private industry, and municipalities in the U.S., Europe, Africa, Australia, and Asia.
Microbiology of Elevated Temperature Landfills. 2017-Present Collaboration with Dr. D'Arcy Meyer-Dombard, UIC/EAES. Funded by the Environmental Research & Education Foundation (EREF).
Estimation and Comparison of Methane & Nitrous Oxide Emissions/Gas Collection System Efficiencies in California Landfills. 2017-Present Collaboration with J.Hanson and N.Yesiller [California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo); Blake, University of California-Irvine; and Steve Conley, Scientific Aviation, Boulder, CO. Funded by California Dept. of Resources Recovery & Recycling [CalRecycle] and the California Air Resources Board.
Improving Characterization of Anthropogenic Methane Emissions in the U.S., Consensus Report, National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM), [invited co-author], 2017-2018.
Improved Process-Based Modeling of Site-Specific Landfill Methane Emissions: Development, improvement, & international Field-Validation of a user-friendly, process-based model [CALMIM] for cover-specific landfill methane emissions inclusive of climate and operational practices. Funded by: (1) California Energy Commission, Sacramento, CA from 2007-2010 and the Environmental Research & Education Foundation (EREF), Raleigh, NC from 2011-2014. See below for additional information regarding "CALMIM Model".
Emissions f high global warming potential GHGs from California landfills. Funded by California Air Resources Board under subcontract to UIC from California Polytechnic State University. 2014-2016.
Effect of biochar-amended cover soils on landfill CH4emissions and oxidation. Co-P.I., National Science Foundation grant to Dr. Krishna Reddy, Dept. of Civil & Materials Engineering, UIC. 2012-2015.
Overview of CALMIM Model:
Working with Kurt Spokas of the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS), St. Paul, MN during the last decade, a new process-based GHG inventory model for landfill CH4 emissions was developed and field-validated. CALMIM [CAlifornia Landfill Methane Inventory Model], which originally focused on California sites, was improved and internationally field-validated at >25 sites in N. & S. America, Europe, Asia, Australia, and Africa. Via embedded globally-validated USDA climate models with user-supplied information for latitude/longitude, cover materials, boundary conditions & engineered gas recovery, CALMIM models 1-D bidirectional diffusional transport of CH4and O2 over a “typical annual cycle” [365 d] for individual cover soils at any site worldwide. Using 10-min time-steps and 2.5 cm depth increments, variable CH4 transport and emission rates are related to both fixed and transient soil properties including laboratory-derived relationships for oxidation relative to soil temperature and soil moisture potential. CALMIM includes the major drivers for emissions known from literature: e.g., the physical properties & thickness of site-specific soils, the seasonality of gaseous transport & oxidation in cover materials, and site design & operational factors including cover areas & implementation of gas recovery. CALMIM can improve quantification of landfill sources for urban and regional GHG inventories inclusive of multiple CH4 sources with high individual uncertainties. This JAVA tool is compatible with PC, MAC/OS, and UNIX systems and is freely available using the following link.
- Cambaliza, M.O., Bogner, J., Green, R., Shepson, P., Harvey, T., Spokas, K., Stirm, B., and Corcoran, M., Field Measurements and Modeling to Resolve m2 to km2 CH4 Emissions for a Complex Urban Source: An Indiana Landfill Study, Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene [Elem. Sci. Anth.] 5: 000145 (2017). Available at: https://www. elementascience org/articles/145/
- Spokas K., Bogner J., Corcoran M., and Walker S., From California dreaming to California data: Challenging historic models for landfill CH4 emissions. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene [Elem. Sci. Anth.] 3: 000051 doi: 10.12952/journal.elementa.000051 (2015). Available at: https://www.elementascience.org/articles/51.
- Cambaliza, M.O., Shepson, P.B., Bogner, J., Daulton, D., Stirm, B., Sweeney, C., Montzka, S., Gurney, K., Spokas, K., Salmon, O., Lavoie, T., Hendricks, A., Mays, K., Turnbull, J., Miller, B., Lauvaux, T., Davis, K., Karion, A., Moser, B., Miller, C., Obermeyer, C., Whetstone, J., Prasad, K., Crosson, E., Miles, N., and Richardson, S., Quantification and Source Apportionment of the Methane Emission Flux from the City of Indianapolis, Elementa:Science of the Anthropocene, 3:000037, doi: 10.12952 (2015). Available at: https://www.elementascience.org/articles/37.
- Spokas, K., Bogner J., and Chanton, J., A Process-Based Inventory Model for Landfill CH4 Emissions Inclusive of Soil Microclimate and Seasonal Methane Oxidation. J. Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, 116: paper G04017, 19 p. (2011).
- Bogner, J., Spokas, K., and Chanton, J., Seasonal Greenhouse Gas Emissions (methane, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide) from Engineered Landfills: Daily, Intermediate, and Final California Landfill Cover Soils. J. Environ. Quality 40:1010-1020 (2011).
- National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Improving Characterization of Anthropogenic Methane Emissions in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: https://doi.org/10.17226/24987. [Consensus Study Report by invited authors, including J. Bogner]. Available at: http://nap.edu/ (2018)
- Yesiller, N., Hanson, J., Sohn, A., Bogner, J., and Blake, D., Spatial and Temporal Variability in Emissions of Fluorinated Gases from a California Landfill, Environmental Science & Technology, DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.8b00845 52: 6789–6797 (2018).
- Bellucci F., Bogner J., and Sturchio N.C., Greenhouse Gas Emissions at the Urban Scale. Elements, Special Issue on Urban Geochemistry, 8:445-450 (2012).
- Bogner, J., Contributing Author, United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), November, 2011, Bridging the Emissions Gap: A U.N. Synthesis Report, published by UNEP [ISBN:978-92-807-3229-0, DEW/1470/NA].
- Bogner, J., Chanton, J., Blake, D., Abichou, T., and Powelson, D., Effectiveness of a Florida Landfill Biocover for Reduction of CH4 and NMHC Emissions. Environ. Science and Technology, 44: 1197-1203 (2010).
2013, Lifetime Award for Waste Research, International Waste Working Group (IWWG)
2009, Distinguished Alumni Award, University of Illinois at Chicago
2007, Shared Nobel Peace Prize, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
2005, Lifetime Achievement Award 2005, SWANA Landfill Gas Division